Some factors that may increase the risk of Heart Valve Disease include:
- A history of previous heart conditions, especially heart inflammation, rheumatic fever, heart attack, or heart failure
- High cholesterol
- High blood pressure
- Lack of physical activity
- Family history
The main sign of Heart Valve Disease is an unusual heartbeat called a heart murmur. Other symptoms can include fatigue, shortness of breath or swelling in the ankles, feet, legs, abdomen, veins and neck.
Detection and Diagnosis
An unusual heartbeat sound called a murmur is the most common sign of heart valve disease. Your doctor can hear a heart murmur through a stethoscope. Other diagnostic tests include cardiac catheterization, stress testing and echocardiography.
Treatment varies depending on the type of Heart Valve Disease you have. Often times, lifestyle changes and medication can help manage the symptoms. Other times, surgery such as Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR), Valvuloplasty or MitraClip may be needed.