An unhealthy lifestyle is the most common cause of high cholesterol. An unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and smoking all increase your risk for high cholesterol.
Other general risk factors include:
- Age – Your risk for developing high cholesterol increases with age.
- Genetics – Certain genes may cause you to be at a higher risk.
- Race – Some races may be at a higher risk than others.
- Weight – Being overweight increases your cholesterol level.
While there are usually no symptoms of hyperlipidemia, the condition can be diagnosed with a blood test.
Detection and Diagnosis
A doctor may diagnose high cholesterol based on medical and family history, a physical examination or if you display consistently high low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels on multiple blood tests.
To manage your cholesterol level, your doctor may recommend you eat a healthy diet, quit smoking, manage your weight and exercise more. Medications can also help lower your cholesterol level.